As The National Museum of the Royal Navy opens a major exhibition to commemorate the largest naval battle in history, the Battle of Jutland: ‘36 Hours: Jutland 1916, The Battle That Won The War’, Broadway Remembers Yeoman of Signals William George Crump who served on HMS Marlborough during the infamous battle.
On 31st May and 1st June 1916, HMS Marlborough was engaged in the battle off the mainland of Denmark. The Marlborough was hit by a torpedo in the diesel engine room but was able to retaliate before being towed back into port. Two men were killed and two were injured. After the battle William Crump was transferred to HMS Revenge and he continued to serve with the Royal Navy until his death, aged 32, in March 1919.
Undated photograph of Marlborough (Wikipedia)
The exhibition at The National Museum of the Royal Navy in Portsmouth is the most comprehensive exhibition ever staged on the Battle of Jutland and highlights the major role of the Royal Navy in winning the First World War.
On 23rd April a new memorial to the Worcestershire Yeomanry, commemorating the Centenary of the Battles of Qatia and Oghratina, was unveiled in Cripplegate Park, Worcester. The new memorial was created by sculptor and mosaic artist Victoria Harrison.
The Battles of Qatia and Oghratina saw the loss of 9 officers and 101 other ranks including Trooper 2414 Francis ‘Frank’ Folkes of Broadway who was killed in action at Qatia on 23rd April 1916. Born in Broadway in 1889, Frank worked as a butcher’s apprentice before joining the Worcestershire Yeomanry following the outbreak of the First World War. Frank was initially declared as missing in action after the battle at Qatia east of the Suez Canal, on Easter Sunday 1916 and 9 months later was declared as killed in action that day.
Frank Folkes is commemorated on the Broadway War Memorial, the memorial board in Broadway First School where he was a pupil and on the Jerusalem Memorial. Fellow villager Sidney Halford served with Frank and was taken prisoner at Qatia. Sidney returned home to Broadway at the end of the war following his release from prison.
For more information about the memorial and the Worcestershire Yeomanry visit www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk. ‘Broadway Remembers’ ISBN 978-0-9929881-0-1 includes a biography and photo of Frank Folkes (1889-1916).
Second son of Archibald Robert Hewitt, 6th Viscount and Viscountess Lifford, of Austin House, Broadway and Hill House, Lyndhurst, Hampshire, Captain Archibald Hewitt DSO was killed in action, aged 32, on 25th April 1915.
Archibald served with the 1st Battalion East Surrey Regiment. He received his commission in 1902 and became lieutenant in 1904 and captain in 1910 and adjutant the following year. He was awarded the DSO in August 1914 at Le Cateau during the retreat of Mons for “moving out of the trenches during heavy shell fire, and bringing back men who were dribbling to the rear.” He was reported as wounded on 17th September but soon after returned to the firing line and was twice mentioned in despatches in October and November 2014.
Archibald is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (panel 34).
Austin House, Broadway, Worcestershire
On 13th June, during the 2016 Broadway Arts Festival, David Boyd Haycock will be giving a talk on ‘Artists in The Great War’.
David Haycock is the author of ‘A Crisis of Brilliance: Five Young British Artists and the Great War’ which was nominated in the “Best Non-Fiction Book” category at the 2010 Writers’ Guild of Great Britain Awards. Artists Sir Stanley Spencer RA (1891-1959), Paul Nash (1889-1946), Mark Gertler (1891-1939), C. Richard W. Nevinson (1889-1946) and Dora de Houghton Carrington (1893-1932) were five of the most exciting, influential and innovative 20th century British artists. From diverse backgrounds, they met at the Slade School of Art, London, in the years before the outbreak of the First World War, where they formed part of what their teacher Henry Tonks described as the school’s last ‘crisis of brilliance’.
David Haycock’s talk takes place in the Torrington Room at the Lygon Arms Hotel on 13th June 2016 starting at 7pm. Tickets are £10 and are available to book via www.broadwayartsfestival.com.
At the beginning of January 100 years ago a bill was enacted early in 1916 deeming all able bodied men of the right ages to have joined the armed forces.
The first Military Service Act came into force 100 years ago today on 2nd March 1916 and compelled ‘eligible’ men to join the armed forces. Initially it affected single men between the ages of 18 and 41 and a second Act in May 1916 extended liability for military service to married men. Eventually a third Act in 1918 extended the upper age limit to 51.
The Act included exemptions such as those for the medically unfit, certain classes of industrial workers and clergymen and it also included an exemption for reasons of conscience. Conscientious objectors refused to fight on religious or moral grounds, although the proportion of conscientious objectors to men in uniform was very small.
A new system of Military Service Tribunals was subsequently set up to hear the cases of men wishing to avoid service for a range of reasons and for those men who lived in Broadway their cases were held in Evesham and reports of the Tribunals were published in the Evesham Journal.
On 30th November 1918 it was announced in the Evesham Journal that Private 14969 John William Jarrett (born 1893) of Bury End, Broadway, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Jarrett, who served with the 2nd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment during the First World War, had been awarded the Croix de Guerre avec Etoile.
The official communication from the headquarters of the 10th Infantry Brigade stated:
You have been awarded the undermentioned French decoration for devotion to duty during the operation at Neuve Eglise in April last: Croix de Guerre avec Etoile. Your name appeared in the London Gazette dated 10th October 1918. The Divisional Commander and Brigadier General desire me to express their congratulations on the honour you have brought your division and brigade.
For Remembrance Sunday 8th November 2015, the pupils of Roe Deer Class and Badger Class at Broadway First School, planted 48 clay poppies they had made in the green at the base of the war memorial. Each poppy is in remembrance of one of the 48 men of Broadway who lost their lives in the First World War and are commemorated on the war memorial.
We will remember them.