Broadway’s Returned Soldiers Entertained During the evening of Thursday 21st August 1919, starting at 6.30pm, Broadway Parish Council held a dinner for the discharged and demobilised service men of Broadway who had returned home at the end of the First World War. The dinner, held in the Lifford Memorial Hall, was suggested and planned by Parish […]
Broadway Remembers: Broadway Falls Silent to Remember the War Dead and Mark 100 Years since the Armistice
100 years after the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month 1918, when the guns fell silent on the Western Front bringing an end to the First World War, a Service of Remembrance and 2 minutes’ silence was held at the War Memorial on the village green in Broadway, Worcestershire. This was followed by a service in St Michael and All Angels’ Church to remember all the lives sacrificed in the service of our country and those traumatised and injured in conflict.
Broadway Remembers today, in this centenary year, the following 48 men who died in the First World War and are commemorated on Broadway’s war memorial:
BARNETT, Private 9562 George, 1st Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
BAYLISS, Private 25249 James Josiah, Worcestershire Regiment transferred to 287004 Labour Corps
BILLEY, Private 34604 William Robert, 2nd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
BISHOP, Private 203259 William, 10th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
BOX, Private M/320163 William Arthur, Royal Army Service Corps
CLARKE, Private 15372 Albert Henry, 11th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
CLARKE, Private 30483 Bertram, 2nd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
COLLINS, Private 16263 Archibald William (Archie), 10th Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment
CRUMP, Yeoman of Signals 220097 William George, Royal Navy
CULL, Private 47558 John Sydney (Jack), 15th Squadron Royal Machine Gun Corps
DAFFURN, Driver 17552 Thomas, “B” Battery 98th Brigade (XVI Corps HQ) Royal Field Artillery
EARP, Sergeant 88389 John William, “C” Battery 84th Brigade Royal Field Artillery
EDWARDS, Pioneer 37053 Henry Harold (Harry), 3rd Divisional Signal Company Royal Engineers
EMMS, Private 32962 Ebenezer Evelyn, Royal Berkshire Regiment & 424th Agricultural Company Labour Corps
FIGGITT, Private 10503 Wilford Charles, 2nd Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
FLOWER, Lt. Col. Oswald Swift, 13th Battalion Royal Welsh Fusiliers
FOLKES, Guardsman 23203 Alfred, King’s Company 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards
FOLKES, Private 2414 Francis Alfred (Frank), Queen’s Own Worcestershire Hussars (Worcester Yeomanry)
GAME, Lt. Hubert John, Royal Field Artillery and Royal Flying Corps
GARDNER, Private M2/153742 William, Royal Army Service Corps
GODDARD, Private 37889 Arthur Harold, 1st/5th Battalion Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry
GREEN, Corporal 240841 Leonard Frank, 1st/8th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
HAINES, Rifleman 4632 Cecil Frank, 1st/12th Battalion London Regiment (The Rangers)
HAINES, Private 15024 Gerald, 2nd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
HENSLEY, Private M2/148096 George, 284th Company Army Service Corps
HILL, Private 9574 Reginald Bertram, 1st Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
HILSON, Private 12240 Joseph, 1st Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment
INGLES, Private TF/241275 Francis Henry, 7th Battalion Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)
JACKSON, Private 241170 Charles, 7th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
JORDAN, Private 202406 Walter, 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
KEYTE, Private 27819 Charles Hubert, 3rd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
LAYTON, Private 22994 Alfred, 9th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
PAINTER, Private M2/033139 Sidney John, 5th Divisional Supply Column Army Service Corps
PARKER, Private 17070 Ernest Harold, 14th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
PARKER, Private 2444 William John, Warwickshire Yeomanry
PERRY, Sergeant SE/17110 John, Royal Army Veterinary Corps
RASTALL, Private 241810 Frank, 1st/8th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
RUSSELL, Private 9570 Joe Edgar, 9th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
SANDEL, Lance Corporal 3674 George, 1/8th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
SCRIVENS, Private 21387 Wilfred George, 4th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
STANLEY, Private 42530 Alec Silvester, 2nd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
STANLEY, Gunner 59030 Charles Robert, ‘B’ Battery 86th Royal Field Artillery
TALBOT, 2nd Lt. Stanley Alfred, North Staffordshire Regiment
TANDY, Private 10754 Wilfred George, 9th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
TEBBY, Private 29004 Walter John, 14th Battalion Welsh Regiment
TUSTIN, Lance Corporal 36116 Jack, 14th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
VINCENT, Guardsman 27767 Ernest Edward, 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards
WALE, Lance Corporal 30871 Edmund Joseph, 8th Battalion Royal Berkshire Regiment
Today we also remember the following 24 men of Broadway who died in the First World War who are not commemorated on the war memorial:
ANNESLEY CMG, DSO, Lieutenant James Howard Aldolphus, 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)
BATCHELOR, Private 9569 George Walter Raymond, 15th Entrenching Battalion, late 11th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
COOK MM, Second Corporal 86297, 254th Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers
CUNNINGTON, Corporal 7931 Charles Camberlain, 2nd Battalion Dorsetshire Regiment
DALE, Ernest Stocks, Corporal 17842, 1/7th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
DALE, John S, Company Sergeant Major 13784, 8th Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment
GABB, William Harold, Private 5767, 3rd Battalion Coldstream Guards
GANDERTON, Thomas Henry. Private 17267, 3rd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
GRIMMITT, John William, Gunner 246724, ‘C’ Battery, 275th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
HANDY, George Thomas, Private 29206, 9th (Service) Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment
HANDY, Richard Keyte, Private 19218, 9th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
HARTWELL, Arthur James, Private 240100, 8th Battalion East Surrey Regiment
HINTON, Gerald Charles, Private 307582, 2/7th Royal Warwickshire Regiment formerly 3645 Warwickshire Yeomanry
HUXLEY, Albert, Lance Corporal 241169, 2/8th Worcestershire Regiment
MATTHEWS, William Henry, Private 8859, 3rd Garrison Battalion Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
PERKINS, George Thomas, Private 14453, 2nd Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment
SADLER, Ernest Charles, Guardsman, 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards
SMITH, William Thomas, Private 290802, 4th Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment
SPIERS, Walter Edward, Private 19365, 4th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
TURNER, Lamber, Private 41726, 2/4th Battalion Princess Charlotte of Wales’s (Royal Berkshire Regiment, formerly 145506 Labour Corps
WALKER, Henry Austin, Private 20806, 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards
The names of 21 men were added at to the memorial at the end of the Second World War:
CLARKE, Robert Warner, Able Seaman PJX321879, Royal Navy(H.M. Submarine P311)
CLARKE, Sydney Clarke, Lance Corporal 11416496, 7th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment
COOK, Robert Leonard, Lance Corporal 2618869, 5th Battalion Grenadier Guards
CROSS, Brian, Leading Aircraftman 1440292, Royal Volunteer Reserve
CROSS, Frederick, Private 5249458, 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
COTTERELL, Maurice Charles, Sergeant Pilot 562657, 90 Squadron Royal Air Force
COTTERELL, Peter Samuel, Sergeant/Air Gunner, 158 Squadron Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
HANDY, Frederick, Driver T70973, Royal Army Service Corps
HARRISON, Kenneth John, Ordinary Seaman CJX319054, Royal Navy (HMS Arethusa)
INGLES, Horace George, Private 5253093, 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment
INGLES, Thomas Raymond, Able Seaman DJX368713, Royal Navy (HMS Kite)
INVINE, Cyril John, Aircraftman 1st Class 1206953, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
JAMES, Sydney James, Flight Sergeant/Wireless Operator/AirGunner 1583124, 61 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
JESSOP (JESSUP), Alexander Anthony, Sergeant/Observer 911895, 51 Squadron, Royal Air Force
NEWBURY, James Victor, Ordinary Seaman DJX392157, Royal Navy (HMS Escapade)
OWEN, Edward Milman, Ordinary Seaman PJX226068, Royal Navy (HMS Kashmir)
PEMBERTON, David Alwyne, Squadron Leader/Pilot 33036, 1 Squadron, Royal Air Force
POOLE, James Henry, Leading Aircraftman, Royal Air Force
PROCTOR, Edgar William, Flight Sergeant/Air Gunner 1313237 44 Squadron, Royal Air Force
TARRANT, Frederick George, Private 14773225, 1st Battalion East Lancashire
WOODGER, Clifford John, Sergeant 421411, 2nd Royal Gloucestershire Hussars Royal Amoured Corps
In the late 1950s a bronze plaque was added to the foot of the memorial commemorating:
HENSLEY, Kenneth Andrew, Second Lieutenant, Royal Warwickshire attached North Rhodesia Regiment.
We will remember them.
On Monday 12th December the Broadway History Society will be meeting at 7pm in Broadway Methodist Church Hall, High Street, Broadway. The speaker will be Dennis Plant with a talk on ‘The Worcestershire Regiment in World War One’. Non-members welcome (£3).
Several men from Broadway served with the Worcesters during the First World War: see blog post https://broadwayhistorysociety.wordpress.com/2016/11/15/worcestershire-regiment/ for further details.
This Rembrance Sunday a further donation of £325 was made to the Poppy Appeal, money raised by recent sales of ‘Broadway Remembers’.
We we will remember them.
On Monday 14th November 2016, Broadway History Society will be hosting a talk by Steve Williams and Debbie Williamson on ‘The Lost Soldiers of the Somme: a Tolkien and Broadway Connection’ in Broadway Community Library, Leamington Road, Broadway WR12 7DZ, starting at 7pm.
Steve Williams, who writes under the name of Steve Ponty, and is the author of ‘Middle-Earth in Magic Mirror Maps… Of the Wilderland in Wales… Of the Shire in England’, has researched the part played by J.R.R. Tolkien, who served with the Lancashire Fusiliers in the Battle of the Somme during 1916, including the military details, stage by stage, and will discuss the impact of Tolkien’s writing of Mordor in ‘The Lord of the Rings’. Tolkien lost all four of his best friends during the First World War and remarkably a young Adolf Hitler was in the opposing trenches on the Western Front.
The loss of young lives is echoed in the experiences of Broadway, and Debbie Williamson will talk about the lives of six men from the village who lost their lives during the Battle of the Somme.
Non-members of the Broadway History Society are welcome to attend the meeting (£3 on the door). For information about joining the Society please visit www.broadwayhistorysociety.wordpress.com.
At the beginning of January 100 years ago a bill was enacted early in 1916 deeming all able bodied men of the right ages to have joined the armed forces.
The first Military Service Act came into force 100 years ago today on 2nd March 1916 and compelled ‘eligible’ men to join the armed forces. Initially it affected single men between the ages of 18 and 41 and a second Act in May 1916 extended liability for military service to married men. Eventually a third Act in 1918 extended the upper age limit to 51.
The Act included exemptions such as those for the medically unfit, certain classes of industrial workers and clergymen and it also included an exemption for reasons of conscience. Conscientious objectors refused to fight on religious or moral grounds, although the proportion of conscientious objectors to men in uniform was very small.
A new system of Military Service Tribunals was subsequently set up to hear the cases of men wishing to avoid service for a range of reasons and for those men who lived in Broadway their cases were held in Evesham and reports of the Tribunals were published in the Evesham Journal.
The minimum age for which men were authorised for service with the colours during the First World War was 19 and no man was supposed to have been accepted unless he gave his age as 19 or over. Orders were given to the recruiting officers not to accept a recruit unless he had the physique of his declared age or they had had sight of a birth certificate.
However, if a recruit declared his age to be 19 or over but was actually under age it was not sufficient evidence for the War Office to discharge the recruit from the army. Soldiers who were below the age of 19 but had the physique of a man of 18 years and 6 months could be sent overseas. A soldier with the physique considered to be below that of 18 years and 6 months were retained for service and were trained at home until they reached the required standard. Soldiers under the age of 17 could be discharged provided that the application was made to his commanding officer whilst serving at home.
Broadway soldier, Frank Phillips was 17 years and 3 months old when he enlisted in Stratford-upon-Avon with the Royal Warwickshire Regiment at the beginning of December 1914. Frank trained on the Isle of Wight before he was posted with the 1st Battalion to the Western Front on 2nd May 1915 where he served until he was taken prisoner in May 1917. Frank was released from prison at the end of the war and he returned home to Broadway where he died, aged 96, in 1993.
Frank is one of the many soldiers whose biography has been published in ‘Broadway Remembers’ (ISBN 978-0-9929891-0-1) a not-for-profit publication raising money for the Poppy Appeal.
At 2pm today there will be a Service of Remembrance at the Broadway War Memorial to remember all those commemorated on the memorial who lost their lives in the First World War and their comrades who fought with them.
At 10.30pm there will be a candlelit vigil at St Michael’s Church, Broadway, marking the start of the First World War 100 years ago today.
We will remember.